Bevacizumab-induced hypertension and proteinuria: a genome-wide study of more than 1000 patients.
(Clinical Trial, Phase III;Journal Article;Multicenter Study)
BACKGROUND: Hypertension and proteinuria are common bevacizumab-induced toxicities. No validated biomarkers are available for identifying patients at risk of these toxicities. METHODS: A genome-wide association study (GWAS) meta-analysis was performed in 1039 bevacizumab-treated patients of European ancestry in four clinical trials (CALGB 40502, 40503, 80303, 90401). Grade ≥2 hypertension and proteinuria were recorded (CTCAE v.3.0). Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-toxicity associations were determined using a cause-specific Cox model adjusting for age and sex. RESULTS: The most significant SNP associated with hypertension with concordant effect in three out of the four studies (p-value <0.05 for each study) was rs6770663 (A > G) in KCNAB1, with the G allele increasing the risk of hypertension (p-value = 4.16 × 10-6). The effect of the G allele was replicated in ECOG-ACRIN E5103 in 582 patients (p-value = 0.005). The meta-analysis of all five studies for rs6770663 led to p-value = 7.73 × 10-8, close to genome-wide significance. The most significant SNP associated with proteinuria was rs339947 (C > A, between DNAH5 and TRIO), with the A allele increasing the risk of proteinuria (p-value = 1.58 × 10-7). CONCLUSIONS: The results from the largest study of bevacizumab toxicity provide new markers of drug safety for further evaluations. SNP in KCNAB1 validated in an independent dataset provides evidence toward its clinical applicability to predict bevacizumab-induced hypertension. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00785291 (CALGB 40502); NCT00601900 (CALGB 40503); NCT00088894 (CALGB 80303) and NCT00110214 (CALGB 90401).
Quintanilha, JCF; Wang, J; Sibley, AB; Jiang, C; Etheridge, AS; Shen, F; Jiang, G; Mulkey, F; Patel, JN; Hertz, DL; Dees, EC; McLeod, HL; Bertagnolli, M; Rugo, H; Kindler, HL; Kelly, WK; Ratain, MJ; Kroetz, DL; Owzar, K; Schneider, BP; Lin, D; Innocenti, F
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