Changes in Sabbath-Keeping and Mental Health Over Time: Evaluation Findings From the Sabbath Living Study

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Work-related stress is experienced at a high level in the United States. Clergy are particularly likely to over-extend themselves to act on their sacred call. Sabbath-keeping may offer a practice that is beneficial for mental health, yet many Protestant clergy do not keep a regular Sabbath. We examined whether United Methodist clergy who attended informative Sabbath-keeping workshops reported changes in spiritual well-being and mental health post-workshop. Compared to baseline, at 3 and 9 months post-workshop, participants reported an increase in Sabbath-keeping. In adjusted random effects and Poisson models, compared to not changing Sabbath-keeping frequency, increasing Sabbath-keeping was related to only one outcome: greater feelings of personal accomplishment at work. Decreasing Sabbath-keeping was related to worse anxiety symptoms, lower spiritual well-being in ministry scores, and a higher probability of having less than flourishing mental health. For four outcomes, there were no significant associations with changes in Sabbath-keeping over time. Although lacking a control group, this study adds to cross-sectional Sabbath-keeping studies by correlating changes in Sabbath-keeping with changes in mental health outcomes over time.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Proeschold-Bell, RJ; Stringfield, B; Yao, J; Choi, J; Eagle, D; Hybels, CF; Parnell, H; Keefe, K; Shilling, S

Published Date

  • June 1, 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 50 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 123 - 138

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2328-1162

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0091-6471

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/00916471211046227

Citation Source

  • Scopus