Improving adherence to hepatitis B vaccine administration recommendations in two newborn nurseries.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Administration of the birth dose of hepatitis B vaccine is an important step in reducing perinatally acquired hepatitis B infection, yet the USA is below the Healthy People 2020 goal for rate of administration.In response to updated Advisory Committee on Immunisation Practices recommendations to administer the dose within 24 hours of birth, we used quality improvement methodology to implement changes that would increase the vaccination rates of healthy newborns in our nurseries. The goal was to improve the proportion of infants who receive the hepatitis B vaccine within 24 hours of birth to >90% within a 2-year period, with a secondary goal of increasing vaccination rates prior to discharge from the nursery to >95%.Multiple Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) cycles were performed. Initial cycles focused on increasing nurse and provider awareness of the updated timing recommendations. Later cycles targeted nursing workflow to facilitate timely administration of the vaccine. We implemented changes at our university medical centre and community hospital newborn nurseries.At the university medical centre nursery, both primary and secondary goals were met; the rate of hepatitis B vaccine administration within 24 hours increased from 81.7% to 96.2%, with vaccine administration prior to discharge increasing from 93.4% to 97.9%. In the community hospital nursery, the baseline rate of hepatitis B vaccine administration within 24 hours was 78.1%, and this increased to 85.8% with the interventions, falling short of the target of >90%. Vaccine administration prior to discharge increased from 87.2% to 92.0%, also not meeting the secondary target of 95%.Interventions that facilitated workflow had additional benefit beyond education alone to improve timing and rates of hepatitis B vaccine administration in both a university medical centre and community hospital nursery.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Germana, S; Krishnan, G; McCulloch, M; Trinh, J; Shaikh, S

Published Date

  • October 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 10 / 4

PubMed ID

  • 34607903

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8491416

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2399-6641

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1136/bmjoq-2020-001282


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England