Incidence, characteristics and complications of dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation initiated in patients not in cardiac arrest.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

AIM: Dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DA-CPR) can increase bystander CPR rates and improve outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Despite the use of protocols, dispatchers may falsely recognise some cases to be in cardiac arrest. Hence, this study aimed to find the incidence of DA-CPR initiated for non-OHCA cases, its characteristics and clinical outcomes in the Singapore population. METHODS: This was a multi-centre, observational study of all dispatcher-recognised cardiac arrests cases between January to December 2017 involving three tertiary hospitals in Singapore. Data was obtained from the Pan-Asian Resuscitation Outcomes Study cohort. Audio review of dispatch calls from the national emergency ambulance service were conducted and information about patients' clinical outcomes were prospectively collected from health records. Univariate analysis was performed to determine factors associated with in-hospital mortality among non-OHCA patients who received DA-CPR. RESULTS: Of the 821 patients recognised as having OHCA 328 (40.0%) were not in cardiac arrest and 173 (52.7%) of these received DA-CPR. No complications from chest compressions were found from hospital records. The top diagnoses of non-OHCA patients were cerebrovascular accidents (CVA), syncope and infection. Only final diagnoses of CVA (aOR 20.68), infection (aOR 17.34) and myocardial infarction (aOR 32.19) were significantly associated with in-hospital mortality. CONCLUSION: In this study, chest compressions initiated on patients not in cardiac arrest by dispatchers did not result in any reported complications and was not associated with in-hospital mortality. This provides reassurance for the continued implementation of DA-CPR.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ng, JYX; Sim, ZJ; Siddiqui, FJ; Shahidah, N; Leong, BS-H; Tiah, L; Ng, YY; Blewer, A; Arulanandam, S; Lim, SL; Ong, MEH; Ho, AFW

Published Date

  • January 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 170 /

Start / End Page

  • 266 - 273

PubMed ID

  • 34626729

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-1570

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2021.09.022


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Ireland