Metacognition, risk behavior, and risk outcomes: the role of perceived intelligence and perceived knowledge.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The present study explores 2 key variables in social metacognition: perceived intelligence and perceived levels of knowledge about a specific content domain. The former represents a judgment of one's knowledge at an abstract level, whereas the latter represents a judgment of one's knowledge in a specific content domain. Data from interviews of approximately 8,411 female adolescents from a national sample were analyzed in a 2-wave panel design with a year between assessments. Higher levels of perceived intelligence at Wave 1 were associated with a lower probability of the occurrence of a pregnancy over the ensuing year independent of actual IQ, self-esteem, and academic aspirations. Higher levels of perceived knowledge about the accurate use of birth control were associated with a higher probability of the occurrence of a pregnancy independent of actual knowledge about accurate use, perceived intelligence, self-esteem, and academic aspirations.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Jaccard, J; Dodge, T; Guilamo-Ramos, V

Published Date

  • March 2005

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 24 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 161 - 170

PubMed ID

  • 15755230

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1930-7810

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0278-6133

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.161


  • eng