Presynaptic inhibition of spinal sensory feedback ensures smooth movement.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The precision of skilled movement depends on sensory feedback and its refinement by local inhibitory microcircuits. One specialized set of spinal GABAergic interneurons forms axo-axonic contacts with the central terminals of sensory afferents, exerting presynaptic inhibitory control over sensory-motor transmission. The inability to achieve selective access to the GABAergic neurons responsible for this unorthodox inhibitory mechanism has left unresolved the contribution of presynaptic inhibition to motor behaviour. We used Gad2 as a genetic entry point to manipulate the interneurons that contact sensory terminals, and show that activation of these interneurons in mice elicits the defining physiological characteristics of presynaptic inhibition. Selective genetic ablation of Gad2-expressing interneurons severely perturbs goal-directed reaching movements, uncovering a pronounced and stereotypic forelimb motor oscillation, the core features of which are captured by modelling the consequences of sensory feedback at high gain. Our findings define the neural substrate of a genetically hardwired gain control system crucial for the smooth execution of movement.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Fink, AJP; Croce, KR; Huang, ZJ; Abbott, LF; Jessell, TM; Azim, E

Published Date

  • May 1, 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 509 / 7498

Start / End Page

  • 43 - 48

PubMed ID

  • 24784215

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4292914

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1476-4687

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/nature13276

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England