Olfactory-Specific Quality of Life Outcomes after Endoscopic Endonasal Surgery of the Sella.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: To assess olfactory outcomes as measured by an olfactory-specific quality of life (QOL) questionnaire in patients undergoing EESBS for sellar lesions. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Tertiary academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 36 patients undergoing EESBS for lesions limited to the sella were evaluated. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The following were performed before and three months after surgery: 22-Item Sinonasal Outcomes Test (SNOT-22), University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT), and the Assessment of Self-reported Olfactory Functioning (ASOF), which has three domains: subjective olfactory capability scale (SOC), smell-related problems (SRP), and olfactory-related quality of life (ORQ). RESULTS: Median age at surgery was 52.5 years, with a median tumor size of 1.8 cm (range: 0.2 to 3.9 cm). Pre- and postoperative median scores were 35 [34, 36.2] and 34.5 [32, 36] for UPSIT, 21 [7.5, 33.5] and 21.5 [6.8, 35.7] for SNOT-22, 10 [9, 10] and 9 [8, 10] for ASOF-SOC, 5 [4.8, 5] and 4.5 [4, 5] for ASOF-SRP, and 5 [5, 5] and 5 [4.5, 5] for ASOF-ORQ. There was no significant change in the two of the three domains of the ASOF. Correlation between ASOF and UPSIT scores were weak. Older age and larger tumor size were associated with worsened olfaction after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Patients did not experience significant changes in olfactory-specific QOL three months after EESBS, as measured by two domains of the ASOF. The ASOF may serve as a useful adjunctive tool for assessing olfaction after surgery. The lack of correlation between UPSIT and ASOF suggests the need for more research in subjective olfactory-related quality of life after surgery.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Raikundalia, MD; Huang, RJ; Chan, L; Truong, T; Kuchibhatla, M; Merchant, J; Hachem, RA; Codd, PJ; Zomorodi, AR; Teitelbaum, JI; Goldstein, BJ; Jang, DW

Published Date

  • January 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 /

Start / End Page

  • 21526567211045041 -

PubMed ID

  • 34733580

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8558591

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2152-6575

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/21526567211045041

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States