Journal Article (Journal Article)

In this article we investigate group differences in phthalate exposure profiles using NHANES data. Phthalates are a family of industrial chemicals used in plastics and as solvents. There is increasing evidence of adverse health effects of exposure to phthalates on reproduction and neurodevelopment and concern about racial disparities in exposure. We would like to identify a single set of low-dimensional factors summarizing exposure to different chemicals, while allowing differences across groups. Improving on current multigroup additive factor models, we propose a class of Perturbed Factor Analysis (PFA) models that assume a common factor structure after perturbing the data via multiplication by a group-specific matrix. Bayesian inference algorithms are defined using a matrix normal hierarchical model for the perturbation matrices. The resulting model is just as flexible as current approaches in allowing arbitrarily large differences across groups but has substantial advantages that we illustrate in simulation studies. Applying PFA to NHANES data, we learn common factors summarizing exposures to phthalates, while showing clear differences across groups.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Roy, A; Lavine, I; Herring, AH; Dunson, DB

Published Date

  • September 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 1386 - 1404

PubMed ID

  • 36324423

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9624461

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1941-7330

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1932-6157

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1214/20-aoas1435


  • eng