Marizomib alone or in combination with bevacizumab in patients with recurrent glioblastoma: Phase I/II clinical trial data.
BACKGROUND: This phase I/II trial in patients with recurrent glioblastoma (GBM) evaluates the safety and preliminary efficacy of marizomib, an irreversible pan-proteasome inhibitor that crosses the blood-brain barrier. METHODS: Part A assessed the safety and efficacy of marizomib monotherapy. In Part B, escalating doses of marizomib (0.5-0.8 mg/m2) in combination with bevacizumab were evaluated. Part C explored intra-patient dose escalation of marizomib (0.8-1.0 mg/m2) for the combination. RESULTS: In Part A, 30 patients received marizomib monotherapy. The most common AEs were fatigue (66.7%), headache (46.7%), hallucination (43.3%), and insomnia (43.3%). One patient (3.3%) achieved a partial response. In Part B, the recommended phase II dose of marizomib was 0.8 mg/m2 when combined with bevacizumab 10 mg/kg. In Part C, dose escalation to 1.0 mg/m2 was not tolerated. Pooled analysis of 67 patients treated with marizomib ≤0.8 mg/m2 and bevacizumab showed a nonoverlapping safety profile consistent with the known safety profile of each agent: the most common grade ≥3 AEs were hypertension (16.4%), confusion (13.4%), headache (10.4%), and fatigue (10.4%). The overall response rate was 34.3%, including 2 patients with complete response. Six-month progression-free survival was 29.8%; median overall survival was 9.1 months. CONCLUSIONS: The safety profile of marizomib as monotherapy and in combination with bevacizumab was consistent with previous observations that marizomib crosses the blood-brain barrier. Preliminary efficacy did not demonstrate a meaningful benefit of the addition of marizomib to bevacizumab for the treatment of recurrent GBM.
Bota, DA; Mason, W; Kesari, S; Magge, R; Winograd, B; Elias, I; Reich, SD; Levin, N; Trikha, M; Desjardins, A
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