Rickettsiosis subcommittee report to the tick-borne disease working group.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Tick-borne rickettsial infections are serious, common, and difficult to diagnose. Among the most important factors leading to failure to diagnose and treat tick-borne rickettsioses effectively is a lack of consideration of the potential diagnosis by primary caregivers and emergency department physicians in patients presenting with undifferentiated acute febrile illness during tick season. This situation exists because of insufficient primary and continuing medical education of medical students, primary care and emergency medicine residents, and practicing physicians regarding tick-borne rickettsioses specific to the region where they practice. Delayed initiation of treatment with an appropriate antibiotic is associated with adverse outcomes including increased rates of hospitalization, admission to an intensive care unit, and mortality. The earliest symptoms are nonspecific, consisting of fever, headache, myalgias, and nausea and/or vomiting. Laboratory abnormalities are typically absent at this time when the therapeutic response to an appropriate antibiotic would be optimal. There is a mistaken idea among a substantial portion of physicians that the best antibiotic available, doxycycline, should not be administered to children 8 years of age or younger or during pregnancy. For all of the above reasons, there is unnecessary morbidity and mortality caused by tick-borne rickettsioses. This report proposes measures to address these critical issues regarding tick-borne rickettsioses.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Walker, DH; Myers, CTE; Blanton, LS; Bloch, KC; Fowler, VG; Gaines, DN; Paddock, CD; Yaglom, HD

Published Date

  • January 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 101855 -

PubMed ID

  • 34739931

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1877-9603

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2021.101855

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands