Increasing the Utilization of Moderate Sedation Services for Pediatric Imaging.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Performing motion-free imaging is frequently challenging in children. To bridge the gap between examinations performed in children who are awake and in those under general anesthesia, a moderate sedation program was implemented at our institution but was seldom used despite substantial eligibility. In conjunction with a 5-month quality improvement (QI) course, a multidisciplinary team was assembled and, by using an A3 approach, sought to address the most important key drivers of low utilization, namely the need for clear moderate sedation eligibility criteria, reliable protocol routing order, consistent moderate sedation screening performed by registered nurses (RNs), and enhanced visibility of moderate sedation services to ordering providers. Initial steps focused on developing better-defined criteria and protocoling standard work for technologists and RNs, with coaching and audits. Modality-specific forecasting was then implemented to reroute profiles of patients who were awaiting scheduling or already scheduled for an examination with general anesthesia to the moderate sedation queue to identify more eligible patients. These manual efforts were coupled with higher reliability but more protracted electronic health record changes, facilitating automated protocol routing on the basis of moderate sedation eligibility and order entry constraints. As a result, scheduled imaging examinations requiring moderate sedation increased from a mean of 1.2 examinations per week to a sustained 6.1 examinations per week (range, 4-8) over the 5-month period, exceeding the team SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time bound) goal to achieve an average of five examinations per week by the QI course end. By targeting the most high-impact yet modifiable process deficiencies through a multifaceted team approach and initially investing in manual efforts to gain cultural buy-in while awaiting higher-reliability interventions, the project achieved success and may serve as a more general model for workflow change when there is organizational resistance. ©RSNA, 2021.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Zucker, EJ; Wintch, S; Chang, Y; Commerford, L; Diaz, R-B; Redfern, TH; Wang, TN; Lam, L; Frush, DP; Larson, DB

Published Date

  • November 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 41 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 2127 - 2135

PubMed ID

  • 34723694

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1527-1323

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1148/rg.2021210061


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States