Patient-reported treatment toxicity and adverse events in Black and White women receiving chemotherapy for early breast cancer.
PURPOSE: It is not known whether chemotherapy-related symptom experiences differ between Black and White women with early breast cancer (Stage I-III) receiving current chemotherapy regimens and, in turn, influences dose delay, dose reduction, early treatment discontinuation, or hospitalization. METHODS: Patients self-reported their race and provided symptom reports for 17 major side effects throughout chemotherapy. Toxicity and adverse events were analyzed separately for anthracycline and non-anthracycline regimens. Fisher's exact tests and two-sample t-tests compared baseline patient characteristics. Modified Poisson regression estimated relative risks of moderate, severe, or very severe (MSVS) symptom severity, and chemotherapy-related adverse events.Please check and confirm that the authors and their respective affiliations have been correctly identified and amend if necessary.no changes RESULTS: In 294 patients accrued between 2014 and 2020, mean age was 58 (SD13) and 23% were Black. For anthracycline-based regimens, the only significant difference in MSVS symptoms was in lymphedema (41% Black vs 20% White, p = .04) after controlling for axillary surgery. For non-anthracycline regimens, the only significant difference was MSVS peripheral neuropathy (41% Blacks vs. 23% White) after controlling for taxane type (p = .05) and diabetes (p = .05). For all other symptoms, severity scores were similar. Dose reduction differed significantly for non-anthracycline regimens (49% Black vs. 25% White, p = .01), but not for anthracycline regimens or in dose delay, early treatment discontinuation, or hospitalization for either regimen. CONCLUSION: Except for lymphedema and peripheral neuropathy, Black and White patients reported similar symptom severity during adjuvant chemotherapy. Dose reductions in Black patients were more common for non-anthracycline regimens. In this sample, there were minimal differences in patient-reported symptoms and other adverse outcomes in Black versus White patients.
Nyrop, KA; Damone, EM; Deal, AM; Wheeler, SB; Charlot, M; Reeve, BB; Basch, E; Shachar, SS; Carey, LA; Reeder-Hayes, KE; Dees, EC; Jolly, TA; Kimmick, GG; Karuturi, MS; Reinbolt, RE; Speca, JC; Wood, WA; Muss, HB
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