Forest Restoration in Low- And Middle-Income Countries


A series of international initiatives have set ambitious goals for restoring global forests. This review synthesizes natural and social science research on forest restoration (FR), with a focus on restoration on cleared land in low- and middle-income countries. We define restoration more broadly than reestablishing native forests, given that landholders might prefer other forest types. We organize the review loosely around ideas in the forest transition literature. We begin by examining recent trends in FR and forest transition indicators. We then investigate two primary parts of the forest transition explanation for forest recovery: wood scarcity, including its connection to restoration for climate change mitigation, and the dynamic relationships between migration and land use. Next, we review ecological and silvicultural aspects of restoration on cleared land. We conclude by discussing selected interventions to promote restoration and the challenge of scaling up restoration to achieve international initiatives' goals.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Vincent, JR; Curran, SR; Ashton, MS

Published Date

  • January 1, 2021

Volume / Issue

  • 46 /

Start / End Page

  • 289 - 317

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1146/annurev-environ-012220-020159

Citation Source

  • Scopus