Blockade of the natriuretic peptide clearance receptor attenuates proteinuria in a mouse model of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
Glomerular podocytes play a key role in proteinuric diseases. Accumulating evidence suggests that cGMP signaling has podocyte protective effects. The major source of cGMP generation in podocytes is natriuretic peptides. The natriuretic peptide clearance receptor (NPRC) binds and degrades natriuretic peptides. As a result, NPRC inhibits natriuretic peptide-induced cGMP generation. To enhance cGMP generation in podocytes, we blocked natriuretic peptide clearance using the specific NPRC ligand ANP(4-23). We then studied the effects of NPRC blockade in both cultured podocytes and in a mouse transgenic (TG) model of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) created in our laboratory. In this model, a single dose of the podocyte toxin puromycin aminonucleoside (PAN) causes robust albuminuria in TG mice, but only mild disease in non-TG animals. We found that natriuretic peptides protected cultured podocytes from PAN-induced apoptosis, and that ANP(4-23) enhanced natriuretic peptide-induced cGMP generation in vivo. PAN-induced heavy proteinuria in vehicle-treated TG mice, and this increase in albuminuria was reduced by treatment with ANP(4-23). Treatment with ANP(4-23) also reduced the number of mice with glomerular injury and enhanced urinary cGMP excretion, but these differences were not statistically significant. Systolic BP was similar in vehicle and ANP(4-23)-treated mice. These data suggest that: 1. Pharmacologic blockade of NPRC may be useful for treating glomerular diseases such as FSGS, and 2. Treatment outcomes might be improved by optimizing NPRC blockade to inhibit natriuretic peptide clearance more effectively.
- Wang, L; Tang, Y; Buckley, AF; Spurney, RF
- November 2021
Volume / Issue
- 9 / 21
Start / End Page
- e15095 -
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
- United States