CD98-induced CD147 signaling stabilizes the Foxp3 protein to maintain tissue homeostasis.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Regulatory T cell (Treg) stability is necessary for the proper control of immune activity and tissue homeostasis. However, it remains unclear whether Treg stability must be continually reinforced or is established during development under physiological conditions. Foxp3 has been characterized as a central mediator of the genetic program that governs Treg stability. Here, we demonstrate that to maintain Foxp3 protein expression, Tregs require cell-to-cell contact, which is mediated by the CD147-CD98 interaction. As Tregs are produced, CD147, which is expressed on their surface, is stimulated by CD98, which is widely expressed in the physiological environment. As a result, CD147's intracellular domain binds to CDK2 and retains it near the membrane, leading to Foxp3 dephosphorylation and the prevention of Foxp3 degradation. In addition, the optimal distribution of Foxp3+ Tregs under both pathological and physiological conditions depends on CD98 expression. Thus, our study provides direct evidence that Foxp3-dependent Treg stability is reinforced in the periphery by the interaction between CD147 and CD98 in the surrounding environment. More importantly, Tregs with high CD147 expression effectively inhibit inflammatory responses and maintain Foxp3 stability, which has guiding significance for the application of Tregs in immunotherapy.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Geng, J; Chen, R; Yang, F-F; Lin, P; Zhu, Y-M; Fu, X; Wang, K; Feng, Z; Wu, J; Zhang, H; Li, Q-J; Chen, Z-N; Zhu, P

Published Date

  • December 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 2618 - 2631

PubMed ID

  • 34759371

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8632965

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2042-0226

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/s41423-021-00785-7

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • China