Association of tacrolimus time-to-therapeutic range on renal dysfunction and acute cellular rejection after orthotopic heart transplantation in a high use basiliximab population.
BACKGROUND: Currently, clinicians often delay initiation of tacrolimus after orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT) to help mitigate nephrotoxicity. This study aimed to determine if there is an association between the time-to-therapeutic range (TTT) of tacrolimus, early renal dysfunction, and acute cellular rejection (ACR) after OHT. METHODS: This was a retrospective, single center study with adult patients who underwent OHT from July 2013 to April 2020. Logistic regression analysis was utilized to examine the association of TTT with new renal dysfunction after tacrolimus initiation post-OHT. RESULTS: In a study of 317 patients, the unadjusted analysis showed patients who developed new renal dysfunction after tacrolimus initiation had a numerically shorter TTT (9.5 vs. 11.0 days, P = .065), and were more likely to have supratherapeutic tacrolimus levels (56% vs. 39.2%, P = .010). When adjusted for established risk factors for renal dysfunction, TTT was significantly associated with new renal dysfunction (OR .95; 95% CI [.90, .99], P = .03). There was no association between TTT and the incidence of ACR (11.1 vs. 10.8 days, P = .64). CONCLUSION: When adjusting for known risk factors, a shorter TTT was associated with new renal dysfunction. Supratherapeutic tacrolimus levels were also associated with new renal dysfunction. There was no association between TTT and ACR in the setting of high use basiliximab induction.
Nanni, AN; Harris, M; Watson, M; Yang, Z; Lee, H-J; DeVore, AD; Henderson, JB
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