Robotic navigation in spine surgery: Where are we now and where are we going?

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Robotic navigation is a new and rapidly emerging niche within minimally invasive spine surgery. The robotic arms-race began in 2004 and has resulted in no less than four major robotic surgical adjuncts. Current Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved applications of robotic navigation are limited to pedicle screw instrumentation, but new indications and experimental applications are rapidly emerging. As with any new technology, robotic navigation must be vetted for clinical efficacy, efficiency, safety, and cost-effectiveness. Given the rapid advancements made on a yearly basis, it is important to make frequent and objective assessments of the available technology. Thus, the authors seek to provide the most up-to-date review of the history, currently available technology, learning curve, novel applications, and cost effectiveness of today's available robotic systems as it relates to spine surgery.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wang, TY; Park, C; Dalton, T; Rajkumar, S; McCray, E; Owolo, E; Than, KD; Abd-El-Barr, MM

Published Date

  • December 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 94 /

Start / End Page

  • 298 - 304

PubMed ID

  • 34863454

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-2653

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jocn.2021.10.034


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Scotland