Effect of Mavacamten on Echocardiographic Features in Symptomatic Patients With Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy.

Journal Article (Clinical Trial, Phase III;Journal Article;Multicenter Study)

BACKGROUND: EXPLORER-HCM (Clinical Study to Evaluate Mavacamten [MYK-461] in Adults With Symptomatic Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy) demonstrated that mavacamten, a cardiac myosin inhibitor, improves symptoms, exercise capacity, and left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction in patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (oHCM). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate mavacamten's effect on measures of cardiac structure and function and its association with changes in other clinical measures. METHODS: Key echocardiographic parameters from serial echocardiograms over 30 weeks from 251 symptomatic oHCM patients (mavacamten [n = 123], placebo [n = 128]) were assessed in a core laboratory. RESULTS: More patients on mavacamten (80.9%; n = 76 of 94) vs placebo (34.0%; n = 33 of 97) showed complete resolution of mitral valve systolic anterior motion after 30 weeks (difference, 46.8%; P < 0.0001). Mavacamten also improved measures of diastolic function vs placebo, including left atrial volume index (LAVI) (mean ± SD baseline: 40 ± 12 mL/m2 vs 41 ± 14 mL/m2; mean change from baseline of -7.5 mL/m2 [95% CI: -9.0 to -6.1 mL/m2] vs -0.09 mL/m2 [95% CI: -1.6 to 1.5 mL/m2]; P < 0.0001) and lateral E/e' (baseline, 15 ± 6 vs 15 ± 8; change of -3.8 [95% CI: -4.7 to -2.8] vs 0.04 [95% CI: -0.9 to 1.0]; P < 0.0001). Among mavacamten-treated patients, improvement in resting, Valsalva, and post-exercise LVOT gradients, LAVI, and lateral E/e' was associated with reduction in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (P ≤ 0.03 for all). Reduction in LAVI was associated with improved peak exercise oxygen consumption (P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Mavacamten significantly improved measures of left ventricular diastolic function and systolic anterior motion. Improvement in LVOT obstruction, LAVI, and E/e' was associated with reduction in a biomarker of myocardial wall stress (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide). These findings demonstrate improvement in important markers of the pathophysiology of oHCM with mavacamten. (Clinical Study to Evaluate Mavacamten [MYK-461] in Adults With Symptomatic Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy; NCT03470545).

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Hegde, SM; Lester, SJ; Solomon, SD; Michels, M; Elliott, PM; Nagueh, SF; Choudhury, L; Zemanek, D; Zwas, DR; Jacoby, D; Wang, A; Ho, CY; Li, W; Sehnert, AJ; Olivotto, I; Abraham, TP

Published Date

  • December 21, 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 78 / 25

Start / End Page

  • 2518 - 2532

PubMed ID

  • 34915982

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-3597

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jacc.2021.09.1381

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States