Beyond the Eckardt Score: Patient-Reported Outcomes Measures in Esophageal Disorders.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To provide an overview of patient reported outcome measures (PROMs) and summarize their role in assessing undifferentiated dysphagia and common esophageal disorders, including achalasia, eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). RECENT FINDINGS: Given the subjective nature of swallowing disorders, accurate diagnoses often rely on capturing the patient experience. As a result, the number of PROMs used to characterize esophageal symptoms is increasing with a recent particular emphasis on EoE. Overall, esophageal-focused PROMs are used to interpret patient symptoms and quality of life, diagnosis, and symptom changes over time. There are limitations with each instrument, including factors affecting validity, reliability, accessibility, patient participation, and logistical implementation. PROM instruments can be helpful tools in the diagnosis and treatment of esophageal disorders. Instruments should be chosen based on factors such as target population and setting, including research, clinical, and quality improvement efforts. Future research should address how best to implement PROMs and integrate the obtained data with patient care.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Dorsey, YC; Song, EJ; Leiman, DA

Published Date

  • December 1, 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 23 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 29 -

PubMed ID

  • 34850300

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1534-312X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s11894-021-00831-4


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States