Breast Imaging for Transgender Individuals: Assessment of Current Practice and Needs.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate breast radiologists' practices related to recording sex and gender in the electronic medical record, knowledge and attitudes about breast cancer screening recommendations for transgender individuals, and experience and willingness to enter screening mammography data from transgender patients into databases that document service provision and outcomes of cancer detection protocols. METHODS: A 19-question anonymous survey was distributed by e-mail to all active physician members of the Society of Breast Imaging. Response characteristics were assessed as frequencies and percentages and compared between groups using the Fisher exact test or χ2 test. The degree of agreement between questions was assessed using the McNemar test. RESULTS: Four hundred one radiologists across the United States and Canada responded (response rate 18%). Recording birth-assigned sex distinct from gender identity was reported by 44 of 352 respondents (13%). Depending on geographic region, 38% to 62% of breast radiologists followed screening guidelines for transgender women, and 226 of 349 (65%) did not provide screening recommendations for transgender men. Of 400, 324 (81%) believed that the evidence base for screening transgender individuals is incomplete, and 247 of 352 (70%) were either unsure of or had no Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer competency training. A majority (247 of 401 [62%]) of respondents reported that they would enroll transgender patients in existing or novel national databases. CONCLUSIONS: In the practice of breast imaging, there is a substantial need to record transgender and other gender-nonconforming information. Breast radiologists differ in their practice and knowledge regarding screening of transgender women and men but expressed interest in contributing data to facilitate longitudinal databases needed to inform cancer screening guidelines.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sonnenblick, EB; Lebron-Zapata, L; Yang, R; Dodelzon, K; Sevilimedu, V; Milch, H; Dialani, V; Dontchos, BN; Destounis, S; Grimm, L

Published Date

  • February 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 19 / 2 Pt A

Start / End Page

  • 221 - 231

PubMed ID

  • 34902332

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-349X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jacr.2021.09.047


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States