Ticagrelor versus clopidogrel after fibrinolytic therapy in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials.

Journal Article (Systematic Review;Journal Article)

Dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel are recommended as adjuncts to fibrinolytic-treated patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, the role of switching to ticagrelor within 24 h of fibrinolytics compared with clopidogrel continuation in this setting is uncertain. Hence, we conducted a comprehensive search of electronic databases for all randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that evaluated the safety and efficacy of ticagrelor versus clopidogrel after fibrinolytic therapy in patients with STEMI. A random-effects model was used to calculate the risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). A total of 5 RCTs that evaluated the efficacy of ticagrelor post-fibrinolysis were identified. We included 3 RCTs with 3999 total patients for our meta-analysis. The results showed similar short-term clinical outcomes between ticagrelor and clopidogrel with regard to rates of Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type ≥ 2 bleeding (RR 0.94; 95% CI 0.56-1.60; P = 0.83), major adverse cardiovascular events (RR 0.87; 95% CI 0.49-1.52; P = 0.62), mortality (RR 0.92; 95% CI 0.53-1.59; P = 0.77), myocardial infarction (RR 0.76; 95% CI 0.43-1.36; P = 0.36), and stroke (RR 0.93; 95% CI 0.50-1.73; P = 0.82). Our results demonstrate that in STEMI patients treated with fibrinolytic therapy, switching to ticagrelor was associated with similar bleeding and ischemic outcomes compared with clopidogrel continuation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kheiri, B; Osman, M; Abdalla, A; Haykal, T; Barbarawi, M; Zayed, Y; Hicks, M; Ahmed, S; Bachuwa, G; Hassan, M; Bhatt, DL

Published Date

  • October 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 46 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 299 - 303

PubMed ID

  • 29934940

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1573-742X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0929-5305

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s11239-018-1706-2

Language

  • eng