Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Masquerading as Myopathy and Rhabdomyolysis.

Journal Article

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) characteristically presents as a mononucleosis-like prodrome; rhabdomyolysis as a sole manifestation remains a rare finding from infection to seroconversion. A young male with a vague sexual history presented with myopathy progressing rapidly to rhabdomyolysis and renal failure. Acute HIV rarely presents with classic features, and rhabdomyolysis seems to manifest more in younger patients. Our case also demonstrates the importance of keeping a strong suspicion for HIV in the right setting despite false-negative results in the pre-seroconversion phase. The variability in HIV presentation and stigma of sexual history taking represents a diagnostic challenge. The astute clinician must be privy to these peculiarities to formulate a prompt diagnosis.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ranabhat, K; Deliwala, S; Hussain, M; Haykal, T; Bachuwa, G

Published Date

  • April 19, 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 4

Start / End Page

  • e14559 -

PubMed ID

  • 34026376

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8133517

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2168-8184

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2168-8184

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.7759/cureus.14559


  • eng