Intracranial Electric Field Recording During Multichannel Transcranial Electrical Stimulation

Journal Article

AbstractBackgroundMultichannel transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) modeling and optimization have been widely studied in recent years. Its theoretical bases include quasi-static assumption and linear superposition. However, there is still a lack of direct in vivo evidence to validate the simulation model and theoretical assumptions.MethodsWe directly measured the multichannel tES-induced voltage changes with implanted stereotactic-electroencephalographic (sEEG) electrodes in 12 epilepsy subjects. By combining these measured data, we investigate the linear superposition and prediction accuracy of simulation models for multi-electrode stimulation and further compare the induced EF differences between transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS).ResultsOur in vivo measurements demonstrated that the multi-electrode tES-induced voltages were almost equal to the sum of the voltages generated independently by bipolar stimulation. Both measured voltages and electric fields obtained in vivo were highly correlated with the predicted values in our cohort (Voltages: r = 0.92, p < 0.001; electric fields: r = 0.74, p < 0.001). Under the same stimulation intensity, the tDCS-induced peak-zero voltages were highly correlated with the values of tACS (r = 0.99, p < 0.001; s = 0.99).ConclusionsThe in vivo measurements provides confirmatory results for linear superposition and quasi-static assumption within the human brain. Furthermore, we found that the individualized simulation model reliably predicted the multi-electrode tES-induced electric fields.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wang, M; Han, J; Jiang, H; Zhu, J; Feng, W; Chhatbar, PY; Zhang, J; Zhang, S

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1101/2021.12.19.473336