Safety and Efficacy of Ruxolitinib in Patients with Myelofibrosis and Low Platelet Counts (50 - 100 × 109/L): Final Analysis of an Open-Label Phase 2 Study.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

INTRODUCTION: Treatment options in patients with myelofibrosis (MF) presenting with thrombocytopenia are limited. Final results of the phase 2 study (NCT01348490) of ruxolitinib in patients with MF and low baseline platelet counts (50 - 100 × 109/L) are reported. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients received ruxolitinib 5 mg twice daily (BID), with optional up-titration to a maximum of 15 mg BID, provided platelet count remained ≥40 × 109/L. Assessments included spleen volume and length, Total Symptom Score (TSS), quality of life, and safety. RESULTS: Of 66 patients, 52 (78.8%) completed the first 24 weeks of treatment. Median (range) percentage change from baseline in spleen volume and TSS (coprimary endpoints) were -20.5% (-55.8% to 38.5%, n=51) and -39.8% (-98.6% to 226.4%, n=53), respectively; greatest median reductions were in the 10 mg BID final titrated dose group. Of patients achieving ≥35% or ≥10% reduction in spleen volume, 8/11 (72.7%) and 21/34 (61.8%), respectively, were in the 10 mg BID final titrated dose group. Thirty-seven of 65 patients (56.9%) had ≥20% improvement in TSS, and 35/66 patients (53.0%) were Patient Global Impression of Change responders. Treatment-emergent adverse events led to dose interruption in 17/66 patients (25.8%), most commonly thrombocytopenia (n=3). CONCLUSION: A starting dose of ruxolitinib 5 mg BID with gradual up-titration and dose optimization based on hematologic parameters and response was efficacious and generally well-tolerated in patients with MF and low platelet counts. Median improvement in spleen volume and symptoms was greatest for patients receiving ruxolitinib 10 mg BID.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Talpaz, M; Prchal, J; Afrin, L; Arcasoy, M; Hamburg, S; Clark, J; Kornacki, D; Colucci, P; Verstovsek, S

Published Date

  • May 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 22 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 336 - 346

PubMed ID

  • 34911667

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2152-2669

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.clml.2021.10.016


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States