A naturally occurring gamma globin gene mutation enhances SP1 binding activity

Journal Article

Transcription of the human fetal globin genes in erythroid cells is tightly regulated during different stages of development and differentiation. Two naturally occurring mutations 202 base pairs upstream of the duplicated gamma globin genes are associated with incorrectly regulated gamma globin gene gene expression; elevated levels of fetal globin are synthesized during adult life. A C-to-G base substitution upstream of the G gamma-globin gene is highly correlated with a dramatic increase in gene expression. It increases the similarity of the region to the consensus Sp1 recognition site. We determined that the mutated DNA had a 5- to 10-fold-higher affinity for Sp1 than did normal gamma globin gene sequence. We also observed a reduction in normal factor-binding activity. A different substitution at -202, C to T, upstream of the A gamma-globin gene was associated with a more moderate increase in fetal globin expression. This mutation decreased the similarity of the sequence to an Sp1 recognition site. We determined that it did not result in enhanced Sp1 binding but did alter normal factor binding. We suggest that these changes in nuclear protein-binding properties detected in vitro are responsible for the enhanced gamma globin gene expression found in -202 G gamma beta + patients with hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Sykes, K; Kaufman, R

Published Date

  • January 1990

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 10 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 95 - 102

Published By

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1098-5549

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0270-7306

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1128/mcb.10.1.95-102.1990


  • en