Photoacoustic imaging of 3D-printed vascular networks.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Thrombosis in the circulation system can lead to major myocardial infarction and cardiovascular deaths. Understanding thrombosis formation is necessary for developing safe and effective treatments. In this work, using digital light processing (DLP)-based 3D printing, we fabricated sophisticatedin vitromodels of blood vessels with internal microchannels that can be used for thrombosis studies. In this regard, photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) offers a unique advantage for label-free visualization of the 3D-printed vessel models, with large penetration depth and functional sensitivity. We compared the imaging performances of two PAM implementations: optical-resolution PAM and acoustic-resolution PAM, and investigated 3D-printed vessel structures with different patterns of microchannels. Our results show that PAM can provide clear microchannel structures at depths up to 3.6 mm. We further quantified the blood oxygenation in the 3D-printed vascular models, showing that thrombi had lower oxygenation than the normal blood. We expect that PAM can find broad applications in 3D printing and bioprinting forin vitrostudies of various vascular and other diseases.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ma, C; Li, W; Li, D; Chen, M; Wang, M; Jiang, L; Mille, LS; Garciamendez, CE; Zhao, Z; Zhou, Q; Zhang, YS; Yao, J

Published Date

  • January 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 14 / 2

PubMed ID

  • 35008080

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8885332

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1758-5090

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1758-5082

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1088/1758-5090/ac49d5


  • eng