Exercise to Mend Aged-tissue Crosstalk in Bone Targeting Osteoporosis & Osteoarthritis.

Journal Article (Review;Journal Article)

Aging induces alterations in bone structure and strength through a multitude of processes, exacerbating common aging- related diseases like osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. Cellular hallmarks of aging are examined, as related to bone and the marrow microenvironment, and ways in which these might contribute to a variety of age-related perturbations in osteoblasts, osteocytes, marrow adipocytes, chondrocytes, osteoclasts, and their respective progenitors. Cellular senescence, stem cell exhaustion, mitochondrial dysfunction, epigenetic and intracellular communication changes are central pathways and recognized as associated and potentially causal in aging. We focus on these in musculoskeletal system and highlight knowledge gaps in the literature regarding cellular and tissue crosstalk in bone, cartilage, and the bone marrow niche. While senolytics have been utilized to target aging pathways, here we propose non-pharmacologic, exercise-based interventions as prospective "senolytics" against aging effects on the skeleton. Increased bone mass and delayed onset or progression of osteoporosis and osteoarthritis are some of the recognized benefits of regular exercise across the lifespan. Further investigation is needed to delineate how cellular indicators of aging manifest in bone and the marrow niche and how altered cellular and tissue crosstalk impact disease progression, as well as consideration of exercise as a therapeutic modality, as a means to enhance discovery of bone-targeted therapies.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Little-Letsinger, SE; Rubin, J; Diekman, B; Rubin, CT; McGrath, C; Pagnotti, GM; Klett, EL; Styner, M

Published Date

  • March 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 123 /

Start / End Page

  • 22 - 35

PubMed ID

  • 34489173

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8840966

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1096-3634

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1084-9521

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.semcdb.2021.08.011

Language

  • eng