Safety and Efficacy of a 600-mg Loading Dose of Clopidogrel 24 Hours Before Pipeline Embolization Device Treatment.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Clopidogrel/aspirin antiplatelet therapy routinely is administered 7-10 days before pipeline aneurysm treatment. Our study assessed the safety and efficacy of a 600-mg loading dose of clopidogrel 24 hours before Pipeline Embolization Device (PED) treatment. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study involving patients treated with pipeline from October 2010 to May 2016. A total of 39.7% (n = 158) of patients were dispensed a loading dose of 650 mg of aspirin plus at least 600 mg of clopidogrel 24 hours preceding PED deployment; 60.3% (n = 240) received 81-325 mg of aspirin daily for 10 days with 75 mg of clopidogrel daily preprocedurally. The mean follow-up was 15.8 months (standard deviation [SD] 12.4 months). modified Rankin Scale (mRS) was registered before the discharge and at each follow-up visit. To control confounding, we used multivariable logistic regression and propensity score conditioning. RESULTS: Of 398 patients, the proportion of female patients was ≈16.5% (41/240) in both groups and shared the same mean of age ≈56.46 years. Similarly, ≈12.2% (mean = 0.09; SD = 0.30) had a subarachnoid hemorrhage. A total of 92% (mean = 0.29; SD = 0.70) from the pretreatment group and 85.7% (mean = 0.44; SD = 0.91) of the bolus group had a mRS ≤2. In a multivariate analysis, bolus did not affect the mRS score, P = 0.24. Seven patients had a long-term recurrence, 2 (0.83%; mean = 0.01; SD = 0.10) from the pretreatment group. In a multivariable logistic regression, bolus was not associated with a long-term recurrence rate (odds ratio [OR] 1.91; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.27-13.50; P = 0.52) neither with thromboembolic accidents (OR 0.99; 95% CI 0.96-1.03; P = 0.83) nor with hemorrhagic events (OR 1.00; 95% CI 0.97-1.03; P = 0.99). Three patients died: 1 who received a bolus had an acute subarachnoid hemorrhage. The mean mortality rate was parallel in both groups ≈0.25 (SD = 0.16). Bolus was not associated with mortality (OR 1.11; 95% CI 0.26-4.65; P = 0.89). The same associations were present in propensity score-adjusted models. CONCLUSIONS: In a cohort receiving PED, a 600-mg loading dose of clopidogrel should be safe and efficacious in those off the standard protocol or showing <30% platelet inhibition before treatment.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Atallah, E; Saad, H; Bekelis, K; Chalouhi, N; Tjoumakaris, S; Hasan, D; Zarzour, H; Smith, M; Rosenwasser, RH; Jabbour, P

Published Date

  • October 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 106 /

Start / End Page

  • 529 - 535

PubMed ID

  • 28712897

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1878-8769

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.wneu.2017.07.019

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States