Quantitative Susceptibility Mapping as a Possible Tool to Radiographically Diagnose Sentinel Headache Associated with Intracranial Aneurysm: Case Report.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Sentinel headache (SH) occurs before aneurysm rupture in an estimated 15%-60% of cases of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). By definition, noncontrast computed tomography (CT) scan of the brain and lumbar puncture are both negative in patients presenting with SH. One of the theories explaining this phenomenon is that microhemorrhage (MH) from the aneurysm wall contribute to iron deposition in the interface between the aneurysm wall and brain parenchyma. Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) is a recently introduced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique that has proven capable of localizing the deposition of paramagnetic metals, particularly ferric iron. Thus, the QSM sequence may be able to detect iron deposition secondary to MH. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 76-year-old male presented with the "worst headache of my life." Noncontrast head CT scan and lumbar puncture were negative. Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) of the brain revealed an anterior communicating artery (A-com) aneurysm measuring 7 mm with a large bleb. T1-weighted imaging (WI), T2-WI, MRA, T2 star-weighted angiography (SWAN), and QSM sequences were obtained. T2-WI, SWAN, and QSM revealed isointense, hypointense, and hyperintense signals, respectively, at the interface of the aneurysm wall and brain tissue. These findings were consistent with deposition of ferric iron at this interface. The A-com aneurysm was treated with coil embolization, and the patient exhibited no postoperative deficits. CONCLUSIONS: The MRI QSM sequence can localize iron deposition resulting from MH within an aneurysmal wall. This sequence may be a promising imaging tool for screening patients presenting with SH.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Nakagawa, D; Cushing, C; Nagahama, Y; Allan, L; Hasan, D

Published Date

  • July 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 103 /

Start / End Page

  • 954.e1 - 954.e4

PubMed ID

  • 28465264

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1878-8769

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.wneu.2017.04.151


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States