Stent-assisted coil embolization of complex wide-necked bifurcation cerebral aneurysms using the "waffle cone" technique. A review of ten consecutive cases.
Endovascular treatment of complex, wide-necked bifurcation cerebral aneurysms is challenging. Intra/extra-aneurysmal stent placement, the "waffle cone" technique, has the advantage of using a single stent to prevent coil herniation without the need to deliver the stent to the efferent vessel. The published data on the use of this technique is limited. We present our initial and follow-up experience with the waffle cone stent-assisted coiling (SAC) of aneurysms to evaluate the durability of the technique. We retrospectively identified ten consecutive patients who underwent SAC of an aneurysm using the waffle cone technique from July 2009 to March 2011. Clinical and angiographic outcomes after initial treatment and follow-up were evaluated. Raymond Class I or II occlusion of the aneurysm was achieved in all cases with the waffle cone technique. No intraoperative aneurysm rupture was noted. The parent arteries were patent at procedure completion. Clinical follow-up in nine patients (median 12.9 months) revealed no aneurysm rupture. Two patients had a transient embolic ischemic attack at 18 hours and three months after treatment, respectively. Catheter angiography or MRA at six-month follow-up demonstrated persistent occlusions of aneurysms in seven out of eight patients. Another patient had stable aneurysm occlusion at three-month follow-up study. Our experience in the small series suggests the waffle cone technique could be performed on complex, wide-necked aneurysms with relative safety, and it allowed satisfactory occlusions of the aneurysms at six months in most cases.
Liu, W; Kung, DK; Policeni, B; Rossen, JD; Jabbour, PM; Hasan, DM
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