Effect of exposures to mixtures of lead and various metals on hypertension, pre-hypertension, and blood pressure: A cross-sectional study from the China National Human Biomonitoring.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

We aimed to explore the effects of mixtures of lead and various metals on blood pressure (BP) and the odds of pre-hypertension (systolic blood pressure (SBP) 120-139 mmHg, and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 80-89 mmHg) and hypertension (SBP/DBP ≥140/90 mmHg) among Chinese adults in a cross-sectional study. This study included 11,037 adults aged 18 years or older from the 2017-2018 China National Human Biomonitoring. Average BP and 13 metals (lead, antimony, arsenic, cadmium, mercury, thallium, chromium, cobalt, molybdenum, manganese, nickel, selenium, and tin) in blood and urine were measured and lifestyle and demographic data were collected. Weighted multiple linear regressions were used to estimate associations of metals with BP in both single and multiple metal models. Weighted quantile sum (WQS) regression was performed to assess the relationship between metal mixture levels and BP. In the single metal model, after adjusting for potential confounding factors, the blood lead levels in the highest quartile were associated with the greater odds of both pre-hypertension (odds ratio (OR): 1.56, 95% CI: 1.22-1.99) and hypertension (OR:1.75, 95% CI: 1.28-2.40) when compared with the lowest quartile. We also found that blood arsenic levels were associated with increased odds of pre-hypertension (OR:1.31, 95% CI:1.00-1.74), while urinary molybdenum levels were associated with lower odds of hypertension (OR:0.68, 95% CI:0.50-0.93). No significant associations were found for the other 10 metals. WQS regression analysis showed that metal mixture levels in blood were significantly associated with higher SBP (β = 1.56, P < 0.05) and DBP (β = 1.56, P < 0.05), with the largest contributor being lead (49.9% and 66.8%, respectively). The finding suggests that exposure to mixtures of metals as measured in blood were positively associated with BP, and that lead exposure may play a critical role in hypertension development.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Qu, Y; Lv, Y; Ji, S; Ding, L; Zhao, F; Zhu, Y; Zhang, W; Hu, X; Lu, Y; Li, Y; Zhang, X; Zhang, M; Yang, Y; Li, C; Zhang, M; Li, Z; Chen, C; Zheng, L; Gu, H; Zhu, H; Sun, Q; Cai, J; Song, S; Ying, B; Lin, S; Cao, Z; Liang, D; Ji, JS; Ryan, PB; Barr, DB; Shi, X

Published Date

  • April 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 299 /

Start / End Page

  • 118864 -

PubMed ID

  • 35063540

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-6424

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0269-7491

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.envpol.2022.118864


  • eng