Does Type of Social Support Influence Medication Adherence Among South African Adolescents Living With HIV? A Quantitative Analysis of Pilot Data.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Adolescents living with HIV often experience worse medication adherence than older and younger individuals living with HIV. One factor that may mitigate poor adherence is social support. However, few studies have examined the influence of specific social support constructs on HIV outcomes like medication adherence. In response to this gap, we performed bivariate analyses using data from 104 adolescents living with HIV in Cape Town, South Africa to understand the relationship between three types of social support (emotional, informational, and instrumental support) and four HIV-related outcomes: adherence self-efficacy, last recorded CD4+ count, last recorded viral load, and adherence to clinic appointments in the past year. We found small positive associations between two social support types (emotional and informational support) and adherence self-efficacy, with no other statistically significant associations. In light of our small sample size, future studies should seek to understand the differential effects of specific types of social support on HIV-related outcomes to better inform interventions for adolescents living with HIV.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Malo, VF; Ritchwood, TD; Relf, MV; Bekker, L-G

Published Date

  • July 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 33 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 492 - 498

PubMed ID

  • 35034084

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9246954

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1552-6917

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/JNC.0000000000000325


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States