National identity predicts public health support during a global pandemic.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Changing collective behaviour and supporting non-pharmaceutical interventions is an important component in mitigating virus transmission during a pandemic. In a large international collaboration (Study 1, N = 49,968 across 67 countries), we investigated self-reported factors associated with public health behaviours (e.g., spatial distancing and stricter hygiene) and endorsed public policy interventions (e.g., closing bars and restaurants) during the early stage of the COVID-19 pandemic (April-May 2020). Respondents who reported identifying more strongly with their nation consistently reported greater engagement in public health behaviours and support for public health policies. Results were similar for representative and non-representative national samples. Study 2 (N = 42 countries) conceptually replicated the central finding using aggregate indices of national identity (obtained using the World Values Survey) and a measure of actual behaviour change during the pandemic (obtained from Google mobility reports). Higher levels of national identification prior to the pandemic predicted lower mobility during the early stage of the pandemic (r = -0.40). We discuss the potential implications of links between national identity, leadership, and public health for managing COVID-19 and future pandemics.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Van Bavel, JJ; Cichocka, A; Capraro, V; Sjåstad, H; Nezlek, JB; Pavlović, T; Alfano, M; Gelfand, MJ; Azevedo, F; Birtel, MD; Cislak, A; Lockwood, PL; Ross, RM; Abts, K; Agadullina, E; Aruta, JJB; Besharati, SN; Bor, A; Choma, BL; Crabtree, CD; Cunningham, WA; De, K; Ejaz, W; Elbaek, CT; Findor, A; Flichtentrei, D; Franc, R; Gjoneska, B; Gruber, J; Gualda, E; Horiuchi, Y; Huynh, TLD; Ibanez, A; Imran, MA; Israelashvili, J; Jasko, K; Kantorowicz, J; Kantorowicz-Reznichenko, E; Krouwel, A; Laakasuo, M; Lamm, C; Leygue, C; Lin, M-J; Mansoor, MS; Marie, A; Mayiwar, L; Mazepus, H; McHugh, C; Minda, JP; Mitkidis, P; Olsson, A; Otterbring, T; Packer, DJ; Perry, A; Petersen, MB; Puthillam, A; Riaño-Moreno, JC; Rothmund, T; Santamaría-García, H; Schmid, PC; Stoyanov, D; Tewari, S; Todosijević, B; Tsakiris, M; Tung, HH; Umbreș, RG; Vanags, E; Vlasceanu, M; Vonasch, A; Yucel, M; Zhang, Y; Abad, M; Adler, E; Akrawi, N; Mdarhri, HA; Amara, H; Amodio, DM; Antazo, BG; Apps, M; Ay, FC; Ba, MH; Barbosa, S; Bastian, B; Berg, A; Bernal-Zárate, MP; Bernstein, M; Białek, M; Bilancini, E; Bogatyreva, N; Boncinelli, L; Booth, JE; Borau, S; Buchel, O; Cameron, CD; Carvalho, CF; Celadin, T; Cerami, C; Chalise, HN; Cheng, X; Cian, L; Cockcroft, K; Conway, J; Córdoba-Delgado, MA; Crespi, C; Crouzevialle, M; Cutler, J; Cypryańska, M; Dabrowska, J; Daniels, MA; Davis, VH; Dayley, PN; Delouvee, S; Denkovski, O; Dezecache, G; Dhaliwal, NA; Diato, AB; Di Paolo, R; Drosinou, M; Dulleck, U; Ekmanis, J; Ertan, AS; Etienne, TW; Farhana, HH; Farkhari, F; Farmer, H; Fenwick, A; Fidanovski, K; Flew, T; Fraser, S; Frempong, RB; Fugelsang, JA; Gale, J; Garcia-Navarro, EB; Garladinne, P; Ghajjou, O; Gkinopoulos, T; Gray, K; Griffin, SM; Gronfeldt, B; Gümren, M; Gurung, RL; Halperin, E; Harris, E; Herzon, V; Hruška, M; Huang, G; Hudecek, MFC; Isler, O; Jangard, S; Jørgensen, FJ; Kachanoff, F; Kahn, J; Dangol, AK; Keudel, O; Koppel, L; Koverola, M; Kubin, E; Kunnari, A; Kutiyski, Y; Laguna, O; Leota, J; Lermer, E; Levy, J; Levy, N; Li, C; Long, EU; Longoni, C; Maglić, M; McCashin, D; Metcalf, AL; Mikloušić, I; El Mimouni, S; Miura, A; Molina-Paredes, J; Monroy-Fonseca, C; Morales-Marente, E; Moreau, D; Muda, R; Myer, A; Nash, K; Nesh-Nash, T; Nitschke, JP; Nurse, MS; Ohtsubo, Y; Oldemburgo de Mello, V; O'Madagain, C; Onderco, M; Palacios-Galvez, MS; Palomäki, J; Pan, Y; Papp, Z; Pärnamets, P; Paruzel-Czachura, M; Pavlović, Z; Payán-Gómez, C; Perander, S; Pitman, MM; Prasad, R; Pyrkosz-Pacyna, J; Rathje, S; Raza, A; Rêgo, GG; Rhee, K; Robertson, CE; Rodríguez-Pascual, I; Saikkonen, T; Salvador-Ginez, O; Sampaio, WM; Santi, GC; Santiago-Tovar, N; Savage, D; Scheffer, JA; Schönegger, P; Schultner, DT; Schutte, EM; Scott, A; Sharma, M; Sharma, P; Skali, A; Stadelmann, D; Stafford, CA; Stanojević, D; Stefaniak, A; Sternisko, A; Stoica, A; Stoyanova, KK; Strickland, B; Sundvall, J; Thomas, JP; Tinghög, G; Torgler, B; Traast, IJ; Tucciarelli, R; Tyrala, M; Ungson, ND; Uysal, MS; Van Lange, PAM; van Prooijen, J-W; van Rooy, D; Västfjäll, D; Verkoeijen, P; Vieira, JB; von Sikorski, C; Walker, AC; Watermeyer, J; Wetter, E; Whillans, A; Willardt, R; Wohl, MJA; Wójcik, AD; Wu, K; Yamada, Y; Yilmaz, O; Yogeeswaran, K; Ziemer, C-T; Zwaan, RA; Boggio, PS

Published Date

  • January 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 13 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 517 -

PubMed ID

  • 35082277

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8792004

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2041-1723

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2041-1723

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/s41467-021-27668-9

Language

  • eng