Percutaneous Lumbar Interbody Fusion With an Expandable Titanium Cage Through Kambin's Triangle: A Case Series With Initial Clinical and Radiographic Results.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: There has been an increased interest in lumbar interbody fusions through Kambin's triangle. In this study, we describe percutaneous access to the lumbar disc and insertion of an expandable titanium cage through Kambin's triangle without facetectomy. The objective of this study is to determine the feasibility as well as clinical and radiographical outcomes of completely percutaneous lumbar interbody fusion (percLIF) using an expandable titanium cage through Kambin's triangle. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients undergoing single-level percLIF for grade 1 lumbar spondylolisthesis via Kambin's triangle using an expandable titanium cage was performed. Demographic information, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), preoperative and postoperative radiographic factors, perioperative data, and complications were recorded. Fusion was assessed with 1-year postoperative computed tomography scan or lumbar spine x-ray and defined as bridging disc or posterolateral fusion without evidence of hardware fracture or perihardware lucency. RESULTS: A total of 16 patients (3 males) were included in this study. Spondylolisthesis, anterior disc height, and posterior disc height were significantly improved at 6 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months, postoperatively (P < 0.05). ODI was significantly improved by 24.4% at 12 months postoperatively (P = 0.0036). One patient was readmitted within 30 days for pain control but otherwise there were no complications including permanent neurological injury, infection, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, or cardiac events. Fifteen (93.8%) patients had radiographic fusion at their 1-year postoperative imaging. CONCLUSION: Our initial experiences have shown that percLIF can be performed using an expandable titanium cage through Kambin's triangle with excellent radiographic and clinical results. In this series, percLIF is a safe and clinically efficacious procedure for reducing grade 1 lumbar spondylolisthesis and improving radiculopathy. This procedure is completed percutaneously without the use of an endoscope. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study highlights improvements in outcomes of minimally invasive surgery. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wang, TY; Mehta, VA; Gabr, M; Sankey, EW; Bwensa, A; Rory Goodwin, C; Karikari, IO; Chi, JH; Abd-El-Barr, MM

Published Date

  • December 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 15 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1121 - 1129

PubMed ID

  • 35078885

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2211-4599

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.14444/8144


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Netherlands