Optimal Event-Based Policy for Remote Parameter Estimation in Wireless Sensing Architectures Under Resource Constraints

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Energy is a resource bottleneck in wireless sensing networks (WSNs) relying on energy harvesting for their operations. This is pronounced in WSNs whose data is used for remote parameter estimation because only a subset of the measured information can be transmitted to the estimator. While much attention has been separately paid to communication schemes for energy-aware data transmission in WSNs under resource constraints and controlled parameter estimation, there has yet to emerge a censoring policy that minimizes the variance of a measured process’ estimated component parameters subject to realistic constraints imposed by the WSN. Consequently, this paper presents the derivation of an optimal event-based policy governing data collection and transmission that accounts for energy and data buffer sizes, stochastic models of harvested energy and event arrivals, value of information of measured data, and temporal death. The policy is optimal in the sense that it maximizes the information rate of transmitted data, thereby producing the best possible estimates of the process parameters using the modified maximum likelihood estimation given the system constraints. Experimental and simulation-based results reflect these objectives and illustrate that the framework is robust against significant uncertainty in the initial parameter estimates.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Flanigan, KA; Lynch, JP

Published Date

  • January 1, 2022

Published In

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-2248

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1536-1276

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1109/TWC.2021.3139289

Citation Source

  • Scopus