A phase II study of biweekly pemetrexed and gemcitabine in patients with metastatic breast cancer.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

PURPOSE: Pemetrexed (PEM) is a novel folate antimetabolite which inhibits thymidylate synthase, dihydrofolate reductase and glycinamide ribonucleotide formyl transferase. This phase II study was designed to assess the efficacy of Gemcitabine (GEM) and PEM given in a novel schedule in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients. METHODS: Eligible patients had MBC and received one prior chemotherapy regimen for metastatic disease; Performance status (PS) 0-2; measurable disease (RECIST criteria). PEM(500 mg/m2) was administered intravenously (IV) over 10 min prior to GEM(1,500 mg/m2) IV given over 30 min on day 1 every 14 days. RESULTS: Median age of the 16 patients in the study was 54 years (range 33-77). Fourteen patients had a PS of 0/1 and were evaluable for response. There were no reported complete or partial responses, seven patients with stable disease, six patients with disease progression and one patient with unknown response. Most common toxicities were skin rash: Grade 1/2(8) and Grade 3/4(1). Grade 3/4 non-hematological toxicities were fatigue(1); anorexia(1); pneumonia(1); peripheral ischemia(1) and elevation of liver transaminases(1). Three patients experienced febrile neutropenia (FN). This study did not meet the predefined criteria to proceed with additional accrual. CONCLUSIONS: This regimen of PEM and GEM showed no clinical activity in the dose and schedule tested.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Dent, SF; Gertler, S; Verma, S; Segal, R; Young, V; Goel, R; Keller, O; Canil, C; Iscoe, N

Published Date

  • February 2010

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 65 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 557 - 561

PubMed ID

  • 19593565

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1432-0843

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s00280-009-1064-z


  • eng

Conference Location

  • Germany