Further assessment of an in vitro screen that may help identify organophosphorus pesticides that are more acutely toxic to the young.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Some, but not all, organophosphorus pesticides are more acutely toxic to the young as compared to adults. We have developed an in vitro assay that measures the detoxification potential (via carboxylesterase and A-esterases) of tissues. Previous results using this in vitro screen correlated with the marked in vivo sensitivity of the young to chlorpyrifos and also correlated with the equal sensitivity of the young and adult to methamidophos (Padilla et al., 2000). We have now extended these observations to two other pesticides that have already been shown in the literature to be more toxic to the young: parathion (paraoxon) and malathion (malaoxon). In our in vitro assay, liver or plasma from 7-d-old rats were much less efficacious than adult tissues at detoxification of the active metabolites of these two pesticides. Using our in vitro assay we also tested the active metabolite of diazinon, diazoxon, and again found that young liver or plasma possessed much less detoxification capability than adult tissues. From these results, we predicted that young animals would be more sensitive to diazinon, which, in fact, was the case: When postnatal day (PND) 17 or adult rats were given a dosage of 75 mg/kg diazinon, adult brain cholinesterase (ChE) was only inhibited 38%, while the brain ChE in the PND 17 animals showed much more inhibition (75%). We conclude that our in vitro screen may prove to be a useful, quick, convenient test for identifying which organophosphorus pesticides may be more acutely toxic to the young as compared to adults.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Padilla, S; Sung, H-J; Moser, VC

Published Date

  • September 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 67 / 18

Start / End Page

  • 1477 - 1489

PubMed ID

  • 15371233

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1528-7394

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/15287390490483836

Language

  • eng