Relationship of neuropathy target esterase inhibition to neuropathology and ataxia in hens given organophosphorus esters.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Adult White Leghorn hens were acutely exposed to 3 dosages of the following organophosphorus compounds: mipafox, tri-ortho-tolyl phosphate (TOTP), phenyl saligenin phosphate, and diisopropylphosphorofluoridate (DFP). Neuropathy target esterase (NTE) activity was measured in brain and spinal cord 4 or 48 h after exposure. Ataxia was assessed using an 8-point rating scale on days 9 through 21 after administration, and neuropathological examination was conducted on samples collected from perfusion-fixed animals on day 21. Morphological alterations were indicated by lesion scores between 0 (no lesions) and 4 (diffuse involvement of spinal cord tracts and > 25% degeneration of peripheral nerve fibers). Dosages of mipafox (30 mg/kg i.p.), TOTP (500 mg/kg p.o.), phenyl saligenin phosphate (2.5 mg/kg i.m.) and DFP (1 mg/kg s.c.) that were capable of inhibiting NTE > 80% in both brain and spinal cord preceded ataxia which reached maximal levels (scores of 7-8), and development of lesions scored as 4. Hens were notably impaired (ataxia scores of 3-4) 21 days after administration of dosages of mipafox (3 and 6 mg/kg), TOTP (90 mg/kg), phenyl saligenin phosphate (0.1 and 0.2 mg/kg), and DFP (0.4 mg/kg) when spinal cord NTE was inhibited 40-75%. Lesions were, however, only noted in spinal cord and peripheral nerves of hens given TOTP or DFP (scores 1-3). These data indicate that inhibition of spinal cord NTE > 80% was predictive of severe ataxia and extensive pathology in the hen and that less NTE inhibition was indicative of less severe ataxia and a lower score for neuropathological damage.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ehrich, M; Jortner, BS; Padilla, S

Published Date

  • June 1993

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 87 / 1-3

Start / End Page

  • 431 - 437

PubMed ID

  • 8343999

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-7786

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0009-2797

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0009-2797(93)90071-6


  • eng