Potentiation of organophosphorus-induced delayed neurotoxicity by phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride.
Journal Article (Journal Article)
It is well known that pretreatment with the serine esterase inhibitor phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) can protect experimental animals from organophosphorus-induced delayed neurotoxicity (OPIDN), presumably by blocking the active site of neurotoxic esterase (NTE) such that binding and "aging" of the neuropathic OP is thwarted. We report here that while PMSF (60 mg/kg, sc) given 4 h before the neuropathic organophosphate (OP) mipafox (50 mg/kg, im) completely prevented the clinical expression of OPIDN in hens, the identical PMSF treatment markedly amplified the delayed neurotoxicity (relative to hens treated with OP only) if administered 4 h after mipafox (5 or 50 mg/kg, im). Moreover, in a separate experiment using diisopropylphosphorofluoridate (DFP) as the neurotoxicant in place of mipafox, posttreatment with PMSF 4 h after DFP (0.5 mg/kg) also accentuated the severity of ataxia. These data indicate that PMSF only protects against OPIDN if given prior to exposure to the neurotoxicant; treatment with PMSF after OP exposure critically exacerbates the delayed neurotoxicity from exposure to organophosphorus compounds.
- Pope, CN; Padilla, S
- December 1990
Volume / Issue
- 31 / 4
Start / End Page
- 261 - 273
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)