Triphenyl phosphite: in vivo and in vitro inhibition of rat neurotoxic esterase.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Organophosphorus compounds which, after acute administration, inhibit neurotoxic esterase (NTE) by greater than or equal to 65% and undergo a subsequent "aging" reaction, produce a delayed neuropathy characterized by degeneration of large and long nerve fibers (OPIDN). The present studies examine in detail the NTE-inhibiting properties of triphenyl phosphite (TPP), a plasticizer which produces ataxia and degeneration of the spinal cord in animals. A neurotoxic dosing regimen (1184 mg/kg/week, sc, for 2 weeks) inhibited both brain and spinal cord NTE (less than or equal to 40%) only marginally 4 and 48 hr postdosing. By contrast, TPP was shown in vitro to be a potent (150 = 0.98 microM) inhibitor of rat brain NTE relative to Mipafox or diisopropyl phosphorofluoridate. Compounds structurally related to TPP (i.e., triphenyl phosphate, triphenyl phosphine, trimethyl phosphite, and phenol) failed to inhibit NTE in vitro at less than 10 microM concentrations. Close examination of the TPP inhibition of NTE showed a nonlinear relationship between the duration of incubation time and loss of log(NTE activity). Preincubation of 10 microM TPP in buffer (37 degrees C) resulted in a time-dependent loss of TPP's ability to inhibit NTE. In summary, TPP is a powerful NTE inhibitor in vitro, but only a marginal NTE inhibitor after in vivo administration. These results raise questions as to the causal events mediating TPP-induced neuropathy in the rat.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Padilla, SS; Grizzle, TB; Lyerly, D

Published Date

  • February 1, 1987

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 87 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 249 - 256

PubMed ID

  • 3824383

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1096-0333

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0041-008X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/0041-008x(87)90286-9

Language

  • eng