The relationship between neurological damage and neurotoxic esterase inhibition in rats acutely exposed to tri-ortho-cresyl phosphate.
A rodent model of organophosphorus-induced delayed neuropathy (OPIDN) has been developed using Long-Evans adult male rats exposed to tri-ortho-cresyl phosphate (TOCP). In the present study an attempt was made to relate neurochemical with neuropathological changes in rats exposed to single dosages of TOCP ranging from 145 to 3480 mg/kg. The degree of neurotoxic esterase (NTE) inhibition, measured at 20 and 44 hr and at 14 days postexposure was correlated with the appearance of spinal cord pathology 14 days postexposure in a separate group of similarly dosed rats. Those dosages that inhibited mean NTE activity in spinal cord greater than or equal to 72% and brain greater than or equal to 66% of control values within 44 hr postexposure produced marked spinal cord pathology 14 days postexposure in greater than or equal to 90% of similarly dosed animals. In contrast, dosages of TOCP which inhibited mean NTE activity in the spinal cord less than or equal to 65% and in the brain less than or equal to 57% produced spinal cord pathology in less than or equal to 15% of the animals. These data indicate that NTE inhibition may be used as a biochemical predictor for TOCP-induced neurological damage in rats.
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)