The correlation between neurotoxic esterase inhibition and mipafox-induced neuropathic damage in rats.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The correlation between neuropathic damage and inhibition of neurotoxic esterase or neuropathy target enzyme (NTE) was examined in rats acutely exposed to Mipafox (N, N'-diisopropylphosphorodiamidofluoridate), a neurotoxic organophosphate. Brain and spinal cord NTE activities were measured in Long-Evans male rats 1 hr post-exposure to various dosages of Mipafox (ip, 1-15 mg/kg). These data were correlated with histologically scored cervical cord damage in a separate group of similarly dosed rats sampled 14-21 days post-exposure. Those dosages (greater than or equal to 10 mg/kg) that inhibited mean NTE activity in the spinal cord greater than or equal to 73% and brain greater than or equal to 67% of control values produced severe (greater than or equal to 3) cervical cord pathology in 85% of the rats. In contrast, dosages of Mipafox (less than or equal to 5 mg/kg) which inhibited mean NTE activity in spinal cord less than or equal to 61% and brain less than or equal to 60% produced this degree of cord damage in only 9% of the animals. These data indicate that a critical percentage of NTE inhibition in brain and spinal cord sampled shortly after Mipafox exposure can predict neuropathic damage in rats several weeks later.

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Veronesi, B; Padilla, S; Lyerly, D

Published Date

  • January 1, 1986

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 207 - 215

PubMed ID

  • 3714122

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-9711

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0161-813X


  • eng