Predictive Factors of Renal Adaptation After Nephrectomy in Kidney Donors.
BACKGROUND: Despite compensatory hyperfiltration in remaining nephrons following donor nephrectomy, some donors show impaired renal adaptation and low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). We investigated the factors predicting early renal adaptation after nephrectomy and identified kidney donors at risk of inadequate renal adaptation. METHODS: A total of 265 living kidney donors from 2010 to 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Renal function was serially followed for 6 months after the operation. Regression analyses were performed to identify the independent predictors of low eGFR (eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2) and impaired renal adaptation (%Modification of Diet in Renal Disease [MDRD] <66% of baseline eGFR). RESULTS: A total of 148 donors belonged to the low eGFR group, and changes in eGFR (ΔeGFR) at postoperative (PO) 1 day and 1 month were identified as independent predictors of low eGFR. Impaired renal adaptation was related to age, ΔeGFR PO 2-3 days, and ΔeGFR PO 1 month. Early renal adaptation was associated with age, male gender, and residual kidney computerized tomography angiography (CTA) volume. The best sensitivity and specificity were obtained with a cutoff value of ΔeGFR 31 at PO 1 day and 1 month for predicting low eGFR and with a value of ΔeGFR 27 at PO 2-3 days and 1 month for predicting impaired renal adaptation. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that the degree of early renal adaptation determines subsequent renal function in kidney donors. Closer monitoring and management may be required in old or male donors with small residual CTA kidney volume as well as donors with persistent ΔeGFR >27 within 1 month of nephrectomy.
Kwon, HJ; Kim, DH; Jang, HR; Jung, S-H; Han, DH; Sung, HH; Park, JB; Lee, JE; Huh, W; Kim, SJ; Kim, Y-G; Kim, DJ; Oh, HY
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