Multislice motion modeling for MRI-guided radiotherapy gating.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

PURPOSE: On-board magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) greatly enhances real-time target tracking capability during radiotherapy treatments. However, multislice and volumetric MRI techniques are frame rate limited and introduce unacceptable latency between the target moving out of position and the beam being turned off. We present a technique to estimate continuous volumetric tissue motion using motion models built from a repeated acquisition of a stack of MR slices. Applications including multislice target visualization and out-of-slice motion estimation during MRI-guided radiotherapy are demonstrated. METHODS: Eight healthy volunteer studies were performed using a 0.35 T MRI-guided radiotherapy system. Images were acquired at three frames per second in an interleaved fashion across ten adjacent sagittal slice positions covering 4.5 cm using a balanced steady-state-free precession sequence. A previously published five-dimensional (5D) linear motion model used for MRI-guided radiotherapy gating was extended to include multiple slices. This model utilizes an external respiratory bellows signal recorded during imaging to simultaneously estimate motion across all imaged slices. For comparison to an image-based approach, the manifold learning technique local linear embedding (LLE) was used to derive a respiratory surrogate for motion modeling. Manifolds for every slice were aligned during LLE in a group-wise fashion, enabling motion estimation outside the current imaged slice using a motion model, a process which we denote as mSGA. Additionally, a method is developed to evaluate out-of-slice motion estimates. The multislice motion model was evaluated in a single slice with each newly acquired image using a leave-one-out approach. Model-generated gating decision accuracy and beam-on positive predictive value (PPV) are reported along with the median and 95th percentile distance between model and ground truth target centroids. RESULTS: The average model gating decision accuracy and PPV across all volunteer studies was 93.7% and 92.8% using the 5D model, and 96.8% and 96.1% using the mSGA model, respectively. The median and 95th percentile distance between model and ground truth target centroids was 0.91 and 2.90 mm, respectively, using the 5D model and 0.58 and 1.49 mm using the mSGA model, averaged over all eight subjects. The mSGA motion model provided a statistically significant improvement across all evaluation metrics compared to the external surrogate-based 5D model. CONCLUSION: The proposed techniques for out-of-slice target motion estimation demonstrated accuracy likely sufficient for clinical use. Results indicate the mSGA model may provide higher accuracy, however, the external surrogate-based model allows for unbiased in vivo accuracy evaluation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ginn, JS; Ruan, D; Low, DA; Lamb, JM

Published Date

  • February 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 46 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 465 - 474

PubMed ID

  • 30570755

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6370044

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2473-4209

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/mp.13350

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States