Characterization of spatial distortion in a 0.35 T MRI-guided radiotherapy system.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Spatial distortion results in image deformation that can degrade accurate targeting and dose calculations in MRI-guided adaptive radiotherapy. The authors present a comprehensive assessment of a 0.35 T MRI-guided radiotherapy system's spatial distortion using two commercially-available phantoms with regularly spaced markers. Images of the spatial integrity phantoms were acquired using five clinical protocols on the MRI-guided radiotherapy machine with the radiotherapy gantry positioned at various angles. Software was developed to identify and localize all phantom markers using a template matching approach. Rotational and translational corrections were implemented to account for imperfect phantom alignment. Measurements were made to assess uncertainties arising from susceptibility artifacts, image noise, and phantom construction accuracy. For a clinical 3D imaging protocol with a 1.5 mm reconstructed slice thickness, 100% of spheres within a 50 mm radius of isocenter had a 3D deviation of 1 mm or less. Of the spheres within 100 mm of isocenter, 99.9% had a 3D deviation less than 1 mm. 94.8% and 100% of the spheres within 175 mm were found to be within 1 mm and 2 mm of the expected positions in 3D respectively. Maximum 3D distortions within 50 mm, 100 mm and 175 mm of isocenter were 0.76 mm, 1.15 mm and 1.88 mm respectively. Distortions present in images acquired using the real-time imaging sequence were less than 1 mm for 98.1% and 95.0% of the cylinders within 50 mm and 100 mm of isocenter. The corresponding maximum distortion in these regions was 1.10 mm and 1.67 mm. These results may be used to inform appropriate planning target volume (PTV) margins for 0.35 T MRI-guided radiotherapy. Observed levels of spatial distortion should be explicitly considered when using PTV margins of 3 mm or less or in the case of targets displaced from isocenter by more than 50 mm.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ginn, JS; Agazaryan, N; Cao, M; Baharom, U; Low, DA; Yang, Y; Gao, Y; Hu, P; Lee, P; Lamb, JM

Published Date

  • June 7, 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 62 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 4525 - 4540

PubMed ID

  • 28425431

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6061953

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1361-6560

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1088/1361-6560/aa6e1a

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England