4-oxatetradecanoic acid is fungicidal for Cryptococcus neoformans and inhibits replication of human immunodeficiency virus I.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Candida albicans and Cryptococcus neoformans are major causes of systemic fungal infections, particularly in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Metabolic labeling studies revealed that these organisms synthesize a small number of N-myristoylproteins, the most prominent being 20-kDa ADP-ribosylation factors (Arfs). C. albicans Arf has approximately 80% identity with the essential Arf1 and Arf2 proteins of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. [3H]Myristic acid analogs with oxygen for -CH2- substitutions at C4, C6, C11, and C13 are incorporated into cellular N-myristoylproteins, phospholipids, and neutral lipids produced by these three yeasts during exponential growth at 30 degrees C in complex media. Analog- and organism-specific differences in the efficiency of labeling of proteins and lipid classes were observed. The effects of oxatetradecanoic acids with oxygen for -CH2- substitutions at C3-C13 on C. neoformans, C. albicans, and S. cerevisiae were assessed during mid-log phase growth at 30 degrees C. A single dose of 3-oxa-, 4-oxa-, 5-oxa- or 6-oxatetradecanoic acid (O3-O6, final concentration = 300 microM) was able to inhibit growth of C. neoformans in the order O4 greater than O5 greater than O3 approximately O6. The other compounds were inactive. 4-Oxatetradecanoic acid was fungicidal, producing a 10,000-fold reduction in viable cell number 1 h after administration and continued suppression of cell growth for 7 h. A clear dose response was observed over a concentration range of 100-300 microM. 4-Oxatridecanoic acid was 100-fold less potent in reducing cell viability than 4-oxatetradecanoic acid but more potent than 5-oxatridecanoic acid. O4 produced approximately 10-100-fold reductions in the viability of C. albicans and S. cerevisiae at 300-500 microM, respectively, whereas O5 and O6 were less active. Since N-myristoylation of the Pr55gag polyprotein precursor produced by human immunodeficiency virus I (HIV-I) is essential for its assembly, we also assessed the antiviral effects of 4-oxatetradecanoic acid. O4 is able to produce a 50% reduction in the replication of HIV-I in acutely infected human T-lymphocyte cell lines at a concentration of 18 microM. Together, these data suggest that (i) the position of the oxygen for methylene substitution is a critical determinant of the fungicidal activity of O4 and (ii) NMT may be an attractive therapeutic target for treating opportunistic fungal infections in patients infected with HIV-I.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Langner, CA; Lodge, JK; Travis, SJ; Caldwell, JE; Lu, T; Li, Q; Bryant, ML; Devadas, B; Gokel, GW; Kobayashi, GS

Published Date

  • August 25, 1992

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 267 / 24

Start / End Page

  • 17159 - 17169

PubMed ID

  • 1512254

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0021-9258

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States