Analysis of Intraoperative Cone-Beam Computed Tomography Combined With Image Guidance for Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) is traditionally performed with biplanar fluoroscopy. Recent literature demonstrates that intraoperative cone-beam computed tomography combined with spinal navigation can be safely utilized for localization and cage placement in LLIF. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy and safety of cage placement using spinal navigation in LLIF, as well as to evaluate the radiation exposure to surgeon and staff during the procedure. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective analysis of a prospectively acquired database of patients undergoing LLIF with image-based navigation performed from April 2014 to July 2016 at a single institution. The medical records were reviewed, and data on clinical outcomes, cage accuracy, complications, and radiation exposure were recorded. All patients underwent a minimum 30-d clinical follow-up to assess intraoperative and short-term complications associated with their LLIF. RESULTS: Sixty-three patients comprising 117 spinal levels were included in the study. There were 36 (57.1%) female and 27 (42.9%) male patients. Mean age was 62.7 yr (range 24-79 yr). A mean 1.9 (range 1-4) levels per patient were treated. Cages were placed in the anterior or middle of 115 (98.3%) disc spaces. Image-guided cage trajectory was accurate in 116/117 levels (99.1%). In a subgroup analysis of 18 patients, mean fluoroscopy time was 11.7 ± 9.7 s per level. Sixteen (25.4%) patients experienced a complication related to approach. CONCLUSION: Use of intraoperative cone-beam computed tomography combined with spinal navigation for LLIF results in accurate and safe cage placement as well as significantly decreased surgeon and staff radiation exposure.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Liu, X; Joseph, JR; Smith, BW; Saadeh, Y; Park, P

Published Date

  • June 1, 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 14 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 620 - 626

PubMed ID

  • 28973529

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2332-4260

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/ons/opx176


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States