Pneumococcal Vaccination Utilization Among Hispanic Long-Term Colorectal Cancer Survivors: Cross-Sectional Assessment of Claims.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Background

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cancer-related cause of death in the United States. However, survivorship has been increasing. Both cancer survivors and underserved populations experience unique health-related challenges and disparities that may exist among long-term CRC survivors as it relates to routine preventive care, specifically pneumococcal (PNM) vaccination.

Objective

The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between long-term CRC survival and the receipt of PNM vaccine among Hispanic Medicare recipients compared with non-Hispanic populations.

Methods

This study is a cross-sectional analysis of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare claims data examining ethnic differences in the receipt of PNM vaccination among long-term CRC survivors. Multivariable logistic regression models considered Hispanic ethnicity while controlling for sociodemographic characteristics, comorbidity score, age, tumor stage, and SEER registry.

Results

Our sample revealed 32,501 long-term CRC survivors, and 1509 identified as Hispanic (4.64%) based on an established SEER algorithm. In total, 16,252 CRC survivors, or 50.00% of our sample, received a PNM vaccination. We found that Hispanic CRC survivors had 10% decreased odds of having received a PNM vaccine compared with non-Hispanic survivors (P=.03).

Conclusions

Disparities likely exist in the utilization of PNM vaccination among long-term CRC survivors. Among Medicare beneficiaries, the use of claims data regarding PNM vaccination highlights the relatively poor utilization of guideline-directed preventive care.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Moran, RJ; Waalen, J; Murphy, J; Nalawade, V; Schiaffino, M

Published Date

  • May 13, 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 5 / 2

Start / End Page

  • e12603 -

PubMed ID

  • 31094341

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6535973

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2369-2960

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2369-2960

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2196/12603

Language

  • eng