Prognostic utility of pretreatment neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio in survival outcomes in localized non-small cell lung cancer patients treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy: Selection of an ideal clinical cutoff point.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Background and purpose

Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been associated with overall survival (OS) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We aimed to assess the utility of NLR as a predictor of lung cancer-specific survival (LCS) and identify an optimal, pretreatment cutoff point in patients with localized NSCLC treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) within the Veterans Affairs' (VA) national database.

Materials and methods

In the VA database, we identified patients with biopsy-proven, clinical stage I NSCLC treated with SBRT between 2006 and 2015. Cutoff points for NLR were calculated using Contal/O'Quigley's and Cox Wald methods. Primary outcomes of OS, LCS, and non-lung cancer survival (NCS) were evaluated in Cox and Fine-Gray models.

Results

In 389 patients, optimal NLR cutoff was identified as 4.0. In multivariable models, NLR > 4.0 was associated with decreased OS (HR 1.44, p = 0.01) and NCS (HR 1.68, p = 0.01) but not with LCS (HR 1.32, p = 0.09). In a subset analysis of 229 patients with pulmonary function tests, NLR > 4.0 remained associated with worse OS (HR 1.51, p = 0.02) and NCS (HR 2.18, p = 0.01) while the association with LCS decreased further (HR 1.22, p = 0.39).

Conclusion

NLR was associated with worse OS in patients with localized NSCLC treated with SBRT; however, NLR was only associated with NCS and not with LCS. Pretreatment NLR, with a cutoff of 4.0, offers potential as a marker of competing mortality risk which can aid in risk stratification in this typically frail and comorbid population. Further studies are needed to validate pretreatment NLR as a clinical tool in this setting.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kotha, NV; Cherry, DR; Bryant, AK; Nalawade, V; Stewart, TF; Rose, BS

Published Date

  • May 1, 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 28 /

Start / End Page

  • 133 - 140

PubMed ID

  • 33997320

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8089768

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2405-6308

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2405-6308

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ctro.2021.03.010

Language

  • eng