Understanding Patient Evaluation of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding (AUB): A Standardized Patient Case on AUB for OB/GYN Clerkship Students.
INTRODUCTION: The differential diagnosis for abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) among reproductive-age women is broad and includes common and life-threatening conditions. Recognition and accurate diagnosis of AUB are important but can be challenging for medical students. We developed a standardized patient (SP) encounter for medical students during their OB/GYN clerkship. METHODS: We implemented two SP encounters, on AUB and dyspareunia, that included a postencounter note and SP evaluations. Here, we describe the implementation of the SP encounter on AUB. Students received formative feedback on their interpersonal and history-taking skills, differential diagnosis, and management plan from the SP as well as OB/GYN residents and faculty. Student cumulative feedback was obtained mid-clerkship and following the clerkship. Summary statistics and qualitative data for students' experiences are reported. RESULTS: SP cases were implemented at the Duke University School of Medicine with 101 second-year medical students who completed the encounter from September 2018 to July 2019. Regarding the AUB case, SPs identified students as adequate history takers, with a mean evaluation score of 3.45 (SD = 0.15) out of 5. Most students (94%) correctly identified at least one diagnosis and provided evidence. Endometrial cancer/hyperplasia (63%) and uterine leiomyoma (60%) were most likely to be identified. Regarding both SP encounters, of the 82 students (81%) completing the end-of-clerkship survey, 57% indicated that the experience enhanced their overall learning at least adequately well or better. DISCUSSION: The AUB case provided students with the opportunity to exercise their diagnostic and management skills.
Adkins, LD; Harris, BS; Gesher, C; Reynolds, T; Branford, K; Baldwin, M; Dotters-Katz, S
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